How To Give Khutbah Guide
This short guide has been prepared to help College and Highschool MSA members, as well as anyone in the position of being a Khateeb. This guide is meant as an aide and as a starting point, it is strongly encouraged to go over the Khutba structure with a local Imam, chaplain, or student of knowledge.
May Allah (SWT) make this guide a means of fulfilling our obligations towards Him, in the most complete of manners.
(62:9) Believers, when the call for Prayer is made on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and give up all trading. That is better for you, if you only knew.
Jumu’a is compulsory for people who meet the following conditions: are male men, are free people (not slaves), are adults (bāligh), and are in good health
It is narrated by Abu Ja’d Al-Damri (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet ﷺ said: Allah SWT will seal the hearts of one who misses Jumu’ah three times out of laziness (Tirmidhi)
It has also been reported by Ibn Habbān that the Prophet ﷺ said: Whoever misses three Jumu’a without [reasonable] excuse is a hypocrite (Ibn Habbān)
Our Vision and Mission
American Muslim youth collectively contributing to the betterment of society with God-consciousness and a firm understanding of their Muslim identity.
Young Muslims seeks the pleasure of Allah (SWT) by empowering Muslim youth through companionship, mentorship, education, and service.
- Praise Allah SWT (As simple as saying Alhamdulillah)
- Send salawaat on the Prophet ﷺ
- Advise people to fear Allah
- Recite one verse of the Qur’an.
(Generally speaking, this and 3 can be the same)
- Make du’a for the believers (at least one in Arabic)
The first 4 have to take place in the first khutba.
- Speaker must be in state of purity and in wudu
- Appropriate clothing must be worn- nice and formal.
- Nakedness (‘awra) covered- for the men this means the area from the navel to the knees is covered
- Occurs after Zawāl (Dhuhr time must have come in)
- Standing if able to
- Sit down between the two Khutbas
- Loud for required participants
- Congregation of 3 or more people (3 congregants + the Imam)
- Speaker stands on pulpit or raised location
- Say salaam to those present
- Sit until Adhan is done
- Holding a stick, and leaning on it (or something else if there is no stick) with the Right hand
- Face the people while doing the Khutba
- Standing motionless during the Khutba
- To recite Surah Al-‘Alā in the First Rakah, and Surah Al-Ghāshiyah in the Second Rakah of the Jumu’a Prayer
- Delivering a Short Sermon (Not giving a lengthy talk)
Two Methods have been outlined below so that you are familiar with both. They are largely the same, but the second method is considered closer to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.
Before starting. The Adhān must be given at least once. If there is time, give a first Adhān and then allow people to pray their Sunnahs. Then, give Salām to the congregation, and have the second Adhān given. Start the Khutbah immediately after with the steps below. If time is short, you may omit the first Adhān mentioned and only give the Second Adhān.
English: All Praise and Thanks to Allah
Arabic: ٱلْـحَـمْـدُ للهِ
Transliteration: “Allahumma Salli ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ala alee Muhammad, kama sallayta ‘Ala Ibrahim wa ‘Ala alee Ibrahim. Allahumma barik ‘Ala Muhammad wa ‘Ala alee Muhammad kama barakta ‘Ala Ibrahim wa ‘Ala alee Ibrahim. Innaka hameedun Majeed”
English: Oh Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, just as you sent prayers upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Oh Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, just as you sent blessings upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. No doubt, you deserve the best of praise.
Arabic: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ. اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ .إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
3) Say at least one Ayah about fearing Allah.
Transliteration: “Ya Ayuhallazeena Amanutaqullaha Haqa Tuqaatihi Wala Tamootunna illa wa antum muslimoon.” Quran (3:102)
English: Oh you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].
Arabic: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
4) English Reminder
5) Say and then sit down:
English: I seek forgiveness
Arabic: اَسْتَغْفِرُ اَللّهَ
6) Stand up and say:
English: All Praise and Thanks to Allah
Arabic: ٱلْـحَـمْـدُ للهِ
7) Finish English reminder if need be. This is typically where you want to put the final lesson(s).
8) Make at least one dua for believers in Arabic.
Transliteration: “Rabbana Aatina fiddunya hasana wa fil aakhirati hasana wa qina azaabanaar“
English: Our Lord, give us in this world [that which is] good and in the Hereafter [that which is] good and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.
Arabic: رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
English: Establish the prayer
Arabic: َأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ
The second method involves leaving the Khutbah entirely in Arabic. Therefore, follow the first method with some notable differences:
Move the English Talk (Step #4 and #7) to before the Second Adhān
Before the Second Adhān, allow people time to perform their Sunnahs
This method is closer to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ
Final Pieces of Advice
This guide does not provide sources for people to prepare their English talks from. It is important that you seek out your local scholar or chaplain and determine authentic/reliable sources to use in drafting the English talk. This is crucial, as the Prophet ﷺ has mentioned that whoever lies against me ﷺ has made his place in the fire. It is best to find a local scholar/chaplain as opposed to only relying on online sources.
Having to step up to give a Khutba is a daunting task, but as Muslims we believe and affirm that Allah SWT does not burden a soul with more than what it can bear. While you may have to be the one to step up and deliver a Khutbah, recognize that Allah SWT has called you to fulfill this important obligation on behalf of your peers, fellow MSA members, and/or on behalf of your community. At the same time, this responsibility is a huge undertaking, as the Mimbar is the place of the Prophet ﷺ, and none other than him ﷺ.
May Allah SWT facilitate for you and accept your service for His Dīn. Amīn!
Author: Hamzah Hussain
Reviewer: Mufti Sultan Mohiuddin